disease


disease
Many kinds of disease are mentioned in the Bible but it is difficult to identify them by their modern names. The incidence of disease and the means of cure were highly important in biblical times, and its causes were sometimes ascribed to God as punishment [[➝ punishment, everlasting]] for sin—as when a plague hit the whole nation because of David's presumption in counting the population (2 Sam. 24). But such a view of God was modified by the later Chronicler (1 Chron. 21:1; cf. 2 Sam. 24:1) who attributes the whole episode indirectly to Satan. In the NT Satan and his creatures are said to be responsible (Mark 1:25; Luke 13:16, 32) for illness. The connection between sin and disease is questioned by Job (Job 2:10) and by Jesus (John 9:1–3).
The vast number of disfiguring and painful complaints, the cases of paralysis and mental illness, malformations of limbs and organs, and the inadequacies of medical care (Mark 5:26) and diagnosis (1 Sam. 16:15) all bear witness to the precariousness of existence as an essential part of the context of the biblical narratives.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • disease — n Disease, disorder, condition, affection, ailment, malady, complaint, distemper, syndrome denote a de ranged bodily state usually associated with or amounting to a loss of health. Disease in its usual and broadest use implies an impairment of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Disease — Dis*ease , n. [OE. disese, OF. desaise; des (L. dis ) + aise ease. See {Ease}.] 1. Lack of ease; uneasiness; trouble; vexation; disquiet. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] So all that night they passed in great disease. Spenser. [1913 Webster] To shield thee …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disease — [di zēz′] n. [ME disese, inconvenience, trouble, sickness < OFr desaise, discomfort < des , DIS + aise, EASE] 1. any departure from health; illness in general 2. a particular destructive process in an organ or organism, with a specific… …   English World dictionary

  • Disease — Dis*ease , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Diseased}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Diseasing}.] 1. To deprive of ease; to disquiet; to trouble; to distress. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] His double burden did him sore disease. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To derange the vital… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disease — (n.) early 14c., discomfort, inconvenience, from O.Fr. desaise lack, want; discomfort, distress; trouble, misfortune; disease, sickness, from des without, away (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + aise ease (see EASE (Cf. ease)). Sense of sickness, illness in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • disease — I noun affliction, ailment, attack, bodily deviation from health, bout of sickness, breakdown, chronic disability, collapse, condition, contagion, defect, deterioration, disability, discomfort, disorder, distemper, epidemic, handicap, ill health …   Law dictionary

  • disease — [n] ailment, affliction ache, affection, attack, blight, breakdown, bug*, cancer, canker, collapse, complaint, condition, contagion, contamination, convulsions, debility, decrepitude, defect, disorder, distemper, endemic, epidemic, feebleness,… …   New thesaurus

  • disease — ► NOUN ▪ a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific symptoms. DERIVATIVES diseased adjective. ORIGIN Old French desaise lack of ease …   English terms dictionary

  • Disease — Human disease redirects here. For the Slayer song, see Soundtrack to the Apocalypse. Flare up redirects here. For the Transformers character, see Flareup (Transformers). Medical condition redirects here. For the descriptive terminology using… …   Wikipedia

  • disease — diseasedly, adv. diseasedness, n. /di zeez /, n., v., diseased, diseasing. n. 1. a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection,… …   Universalium

  • disease — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Condition of ill health Nouns 1. disease, illness, sickness, ailment, ailing; morbidity, infirmity, ailment, indisposition; complaint, disorder, malady; functional disorder. 2. condition, affliction,… …   English dictionary for students